List of Hospitals Jobs and Descriptions 

Hospitals

This article presented arises from the need to respond to the information and orientation needs of citizens in such a complex field, Hospital, characterized by great transformations, such as that of healthcare, and hospital jobs.

This article cover list of hospital jobs and descriptions with 14 professional figures in the sector included in the areas of hospital technical, nursing, and rehabilitation personnel, innovated by the introduction of health care.

 

The list of hospital jobs and descriptions:

The list of hospital jobs and descriptions are the result of the processing of exclusively normative sources and are intended to integrate the information relating to the calls for access to the corresponding university degree courses.

Nurse

DESCRIPTION

He/She is the health worker responsible for general nursing care. This term refers to the functions of disease prevention, assistance to the sick and disabled of all ages, and health education at hospitals. The nurse, therefore, carries out its activity in favor of various types of people: from the newborn to the adult, to the elderly, not only when these people are sick and sometimes in serious danger of life, but also when they are healthy for help them to maintain their health, especially the nurse:

  • participates in identifying the health needs, physical, psychological, and social, of the person and the community;
  • identifies the nursing care needs of the individual and the community and formulates the related objectives at hospitals;
  • administers, manages, and evaluates nursing care interventions;
  • guarantees the correct application of diagnostic-therapeutic prescriptions.

It can act both individually and in collaboration with other health and social workers. For the performance of his functions he makes use where necessary of the work of the support staff (technical assistance operators). The main characteristic of this profession is to take care of the other. This involves continuous emotional commitment, on the one hand, but, on the other, the constant feeling of feeling useful.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

The nurse can carry out his activity in public or private health structures, in the territory, and in-home care (hospitals, nursing homes, clinics, assisted health residences for the elderly, etc.). The working hours depend on the needs of the different structures: in some environments, it is necessary to work shifts that cover 24 hours, in others, the working hours are exclusively daytime at hospitals.

required capabilities

The nurse must have: the ability to establish and maintain effective relationships both with the assisted person and his / her family and with members of the work team; organizational or hospitals, technical and investigative skills to plan, apply and evaluate assistance interventions; didactic skills oriented to information, instruction and education of users, their families, the community, collaborating staff.

CAREER OPPORTUNITIES

Within the public health service, the initial level of employment, which is accessed through competition, is currently the VI (collaborator), with the possibility of career development in relation to the functional articulation provided for by the personnel system of the Health Service at hospitals. National, is in the process of being redefined. In the free profession, there is no real vertical career; the possibilities of professional development depend both on market spaces and on the experience acquired, and the ability to always keep up to date. There is the possibility of post-basic training for specialist practice in the following areas: a) public health: public health nurses; b) pediatrics: pediatric nurse; c) mental health-psychiatry: psychiatric nurse; d) geriatrics: geriatric nurse; e) critical area: critical area nurses.

Medical radiology health technician

DESCRIPTION

He is the health worker authorized to carry out radiological investigations and services. In independent practice or in collaboration with other health professionals, it carries out, upon Medications, all interventions involving sources of ionizing radiation, both artificial and natural, thermal and ultrasonic energy, nuclear magnetic resonance as well as interventions involving any of this physical or dosimetric protection. These interventions can be traced back to 4 main areas of activity:

  • radiodiagnostics, which involves carrying out radiological examinations of various organs and systems of the human body that can be used by medical personnel for diagnostic purposes [to identify a disease];
  • radiotherapy, which involves setting up and carrying out the therapy [cure] prescribed by the doctor by means of x-rays or radioactive substances;
  • nuclear medicine, which involves taking over the radioactive material, setting up the doses to be administered to patients, checking the efficiency of the equipment;
  • health physics, which involves collaboration in solving physics problems in the use of radiation sources for diagnostics, therapy and research.

In particular, the medical radiology technician:

  • participates in the planning and organization of work within the structure in which it operates, respecting its skills;
  • plans and manages the provision of multi-purpose services within its competence in direct collaboration with the radiodiagnostic doctor, the nuclear doctor, the radiotherapist physicist and the health physicist;
  • it is responsible for the acts within its competence, in particular by checking the correct functioning of the equipment, by eliminating minor inconveniences and by implementing verification and control programs to guarantee quality according to predefined indicators and standards.
  • contributes to the training of support staff and directly contributes to updating one’s professional profile and research.

 

Chiropodist

DESCRIPTION

The podiatrist is the healthcare professional specializing in foot analysis and in the treatment of calluses, hypertrophic, deformed and hardened nails, as well as painful foot disorders. For the treatment it uses non-operative methods [which do not involve incision of the tissues], orthotic [which involve the use of equipment to correct a faulty operation] and hydro-massage [which provide a therapy based on massage by water jets] On medical prescription it prevents and carries out the medication of ulcerations of foot warts and in any case assists, also for the purposes of health education, the carriers of diseases at risk.

CAREER OPPORTUNITIES

Within the public health service, the initial level of employment, which is accessed through a competition, is currently the VI (collaborator), with the possibility of career development in relation to the functional articulation provided for by the personnel system of the Health Service. National, in the process of being redefined. In the free profession there is no real vertical career; the possibilities of professional development depend both on market spaces and on the experience acquired and on the ability to always keep up to date.

 

Neurophysiopathology technician

DESCRIPTION

It is the health worker who carries out his activity in the diagnosis [identification] of diseases of the nervous system, directly applying, on medical prescription, specific diagnostic methods in the neurological and neurosurgical field such as, for example, electroencephalography [ examination of brain functions by means of graphic recording of the electrical potentials of the brain] and electroncuromyography [examination of muscle tone and function by means of graphic recording of the electrical phenomena accompanying the contractions]. Specifically, the neurophysiopathology technician: applies the most suitable methods for recording bioelectrical phenomena,

WORK ENVIRONMENT

It carries out its activity in public or private health facilities (hospitals, clinics, private practices).

 

Midwife 

DESCRIPTION

He is the health worker who assists and advises the woman during pregnancy, during childbirth and in the postnatal period, conducts and carries out normal deliveries with her own responsibility and provides assistance to the newborn. , participates in: · in health and sexual education interventions both in the family and in the community; · in the psychoprophylactic preparation for childbirth; · in the preparation and assistance for gynecological interventions; · in the prevention and detection of tumors of the female genital sphere ; · To maternal and neonatal assistance programs. The midwife / or, in compliance with professional ethics, manages, as a member of the health team, the assistance intervention of his / her competence.He is able to identify potentially pathological situations that require medical intervention and to carry out, where necessary, the relative measures of particular urgency. He can contribute to the training of support staff and directly contribute to updating his professional profile and research.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

The midwife / or carries out her professional activity in public and private health facilities, such as, for example, hospitals, clinics, counseling centers.

 

Orthopedic technician

DESCRIPTION

It is the health worker who, on medical prescription and subsequent testing, is responsible for the construction and / or adaptation, application and supply of prostheses and various kinds of aids (for example, insoles, wheelchairs, etc.). corrective and supportive of the musculoskeletal system, of a functional and aesthetic nature, of a mechanical type or that use energy or mixed body and external energy, through direct detection on the patient of measurements and models. His duties also include training the disabled person in the use of prostheses or other devices applied and the carrying out, in collaboration with the doctor, of technical assistance for the supply, replacement and repair of these.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

The orthopedic technician exercises his professional activity in public or private health facilities (e.g. hospitals, orthopedic laboratories and workshops, sheltered facilities, nursing homes).

 

Physiotherapist

DESCRIPTION

It is the health worker who carries out, autonomously or in collaboration with other health professionals, interventions of prevention, treatment and rehabilitation in the areas of mobility ], of the cortical functions [of the cerebral cortex] and of the visceral functions [of the internal organs] consequent to diseases of different origin, congenital or acquired. For example, it intervenes in cases in which a person, following a trauma or a handicap, is in the condition of having to recover or re-educate a muscle, a joint or an organic function. In particular, the physiotherapist, following the diagnosis and the doctor’s prescription:

WORK ENVIRONMENT

The physiotherapist can carry out his activity in public or private health structures (hospitals, nursing homes, foundations, specialized centers, clinics, sports centers, spas, etc.).

 

Hearing aid technician

DESCRIPTION

The hearing aid technician works on the doctor’s prescription with full responsibility and complete autonomy over his own professional acts. He is a professional figure close to that of the audiometrist technician; both specialize in hearing problems, although they have very distinct functions.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

The laboratory technician carries out his activity in public or private health facilities (hospitals, clinics, social medicine departments, private practices).

 

Dental hygienist

DESCRIPTION

It is the health worker who carries out tasks related to the prevention of diseases of the mouth and teeth, employed by dentists [dentists] and surgeons authorized to practice dentistry. In particular, the dental hygienist: · collaborates with compilation of the medical record and provides for the collection of technical-statistical data; · Takes care of cleaning the teeth, providing for the removal of tartar and smoothing of the roots, · applies healing dressings; · Teaches patients the methods of oral hygiene and the use of suitable means to highlight bacterial plaque and dental patina, explaining to them the importance of periodic clinical checks; Provides information on

WORK ENVIRONMENT

The dental hygienist carries out his professional activity in public or private health facilities (dental clinics, dental offices)at hospitals.

 

Speech therapist

DESCRIPTION

The speech therapist is the health worker who intervenes in the field of prevention and rehabilitative treatment of speech and communication disorders in children, adults, and the elderly. The speech therapist’s activity is aimed at the education and re-education of all diseases that cause disorders of the voice, speech, oral and written language, and communication handicaps. For example, it can take care of children who have problems with language delay or adults and the elderly who, following an illness or a traumatic event such as a brain hemorrhage or an accident, are no longer able to express themselves through speech or writing. and/or to understand the words and writings of others. on the basis of the diagnosis and medical prescription, the speech therapist: · draws up, also in a multidisciplinary team, the speech therapy assessment aimed at identifying and overcoming the health needs of the disabled person; · Autonomously practices therapeutic activity for the functional re-education of communicative and cognitive disabilities, using speech therapy to enable and rehabilitate communication and language, verbal and non-verbal; Proposes the adoption of aids, trains their use and verifies their effectiveness

WORK ENVIRONMENT

The speech therapist carries out his professional activity in public or private health facilities (in the rehabilitation, child neuropsychiatry, and otolaryngology departments of hospitals or clinics, in the outpatient departments of local services, in rehabilitation facilities, in medical offices, etc.)

 

Dietitian

DESCRIPTION

It is the health worker who deals with all the activities aimed at the correct application of food and nutrition, including those relating to the educational aspects and collaboration in the implementation of food policies at hospitals. He is responsible for organizing and coordinating specific activities relating to nutrition in general and dietetics in particular. The specific activities of the dietician concern: elaboration, formulation, the realization of diets prescribed by the doctor, and control of acceptability by patients in cases where, for particular types of diseases (for example, diabetes, ulcer, heart disease,

WORK ENVIRONMENT

The dietician can carry out his professional activity in public or private health and extra-health facilities. For example, he can work in hospitals, retirement homes for the elderly, and public bodies but also private catering companies to which public bodies entrust the management of canteens in kindergartens, schools, and communities.

 

Biomedical laboratory health technician

DESCRIPTION

The main activity consists of the identification of elements that can be useful for diagnostic or research purposes within a sample. For example, a bacterium or microbe, or cancer cell that may be responsible for a disease is identified from a blood sample or other secretion from the body. The biomedical laboratory health technician, however, does not intervene in the field of interpretation of the results of the analyzes at hospitals, which is reserved for laboratory graduates. His task is also to check and verify the correct functioning of the equipment used.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

It carries out its activity in public and private laboratory structures authorized according to current legislation. Its presence is foreseen both in public and private scientific-experimental research laboratories, and hospitals including those managed by the pharmaceutical industries producing reagents and clinical medicine.

 

Orthoptist – Assistant of ophthalmology

DESCRIPTION

It is the health worker who, on the doctor’s prescription, deals with motor and sensory disturbances of vision. In particular, it performs eye tests and assessments for diagnostic purposes, that is, aimed at identifying diseases, and carries out re-educational treatments. He is specialized in the treatment of strabismus and is responsible for the organization, planning, and quality of the professional acts performed in the context of his duties.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

He carries out his professional activity in public or private health facilities, such as, for example, hospitals, clinics, school medicine services, child neuropsychiatry institutes, etc.

 

Audiometrist technician

DESCRIPTION

The audiometrist technician works on the doctor’s prescription but performs his professional acts in full responsibility and autonomy. He collaborates with other professionals in the prevention and rehabilitation programs of deafness using instrumental and prosthetic techniques and methodologies in hospitals. the hearing care technician; specialize in hearing problems, although they have very distinct functions. He is a professional figure close to that of the hearing care technician; both specialize in hearing problems, although they have very distinct functions. He is a professional figure close to that of the hearing care technician; both specialize in hearing problems, although they have very distinct functions.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

In public or private health facilities, the audiometrist technician performs his professional duties (hospitals in the wards of audiology, otolaryngology, neurology, child neuropsychiatry, rehabilitation; basic maternal and child medicine services, social medicine services and work, forensic services, private practices)

CAREER OPPORTUNITIES

Within the public health service, the initial level of employment, which is accessed through competition, is currently the VI (collaborator), with the possibility of career development in relation to the functional articulation provided for by the personnel system of the Health Service in Hospital. National, in the process of being redefined.In the free profession there is no real vertical career, the possibilities for professional development depend both on market spaces and on the experience acquired and the ability to keep up to date.

 

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